by Tom Swift

It is best defined against depression. Depression is usually a passive state. It’s not a creative state. It’s a state of lethargy, paralysis, apathy, great pain, and therefore should be treated any way possible. Melancholy, in contrast, as I define it … is a very active state. When we’re melancholy, we feel uneasy in relation to the way things are, the status quo, the conventions of our society. We yearn for a deeper, richer relationship to the world, and in yearning for that, we’re forced to explore potentialities in ourselves that we would not have explored if we were simply content. We come up with new ways of seeing the world and new ways of being in the world. For this reason, I conclude that melancholy often fosters creativity.

-Eric G. Wilson, Against Happiness: In Praise of Melancholy (2009)